DAV Class–5 SST Question and Answer Chapter 10 Mapping India

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Something To Know

A. Tick the correct option.

1. A horizontal imaginary line that is drawn on the globe exactly halfway between North Pole and South Pole—

Ans 1.(b) Equator

2. Vertical imaginary lines on the globe are—

Ans 2.(a) Meridians of Longitude

3. Seasons are caused by—

Ans 3.(c) Revolution of the earth around the sun

4. Which direction is to your right, if you are facing north?

Ans 4.(c) South

5. What does a political map show?

Ans 5. (c) Boundaries of countries, states and important cities.

6. Blue colour in a map shows—

Ans 6. (c) Water bodies

Ans. 1. (b); 2. (a); 3. (c); 4. (c); 5. (c); 6.(c)

B. Fill in the Blanks

1. A book of maps is called an atlas.

2. There are four cardinal directions on the compass.

3. Magellan did not survive the voyage around the earth.

4. South Pole is the southernmost point on the globe.

5. Day and night on the Earth are caused by the rotation of the Earth.

Ans. 1. atlas; 2. four; 3. earth; 4. South Pole; 5. rotation

C. Match the following:

Ans:

1. What is a map?

Ans 1. A map is a drawing of the earth on a flat surface.

2. Which colour represents plains on a map?

Ans 2. Green colour represents plains on a map.

3. Name two different types of maps.

Ans 3. (i) Physical maps (ii) Political maps

4. Define a scale.

Ans 4. A scale is a ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map.

5. How does a globe help us?

Ans 5. A globe is a small model of the earth. It represents a three-dimensional view of the earth. It also shows the shape and location of the oceans and continents.

1. Why did people fear to travel to far away places in olden times?

Ans 1. In earlier times, people believed that the earth was flat. They feared that they might fall off if they traveled to the edge of the earth.

2. Describe the journey of Magellan that proved that the earth was round.

Ans 2. Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer. He began his journey from Spain in 1519 with his crew. After he completed his voyage which took almost two years, he found himself at the same place. The voyage had started with five ships and a crew of 270, but only 18 members survived. Unfortunately, Magellan was not among the survivors. But his efforts i.e. the voyage proved that the earth was round.

3. Mention two uses of maps.

Ans 3. Two uses of maps are— (i) They can give detailed information of any part of the earth. (ii) It is easy to carry a map.

4. Name two movements of the Earth. Explain each briefly.

Ans 4. The two movements of the Earth are— (i) Rotation: It is the movement of the earth on its axis, from west to east. The earth takes 24 hours to complete one rotation. It causes day and night. (ii) Revolution: It is the movement of the earth around the sun on a fixed path called the orbit. It takes 365 ¼ days to complete one revolution. It causes a change in seasons.

5. Differentiate between a globe and a map.

Ans 5.

F. Value Based Questions

1. Which two qualities must each student develop to face difficulties like trying to locate a place, inability to read the map of a colony, guiding a visitor on a telephone, etc.

Ans 1. (i) Sense of direction. (ii) Knowledge of symbols and colors used in the map.

2. Suppose you get separated from your parents in a crowded market. What steps will you take?

Ans 2. First of all, I will try to know in which direction I am and in which direction my house is. After having these details, I would draw a sketch to get an idea of the place.