DAV Class–5 SST Question and Answer Chapter 13 India’s Neighbours

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DAV Class-5 SST Chapter 13 India’s Neighbours Question and Answer

Something To Know

A. Tick (✓) the correct option:

1. India does not share borders with—

Ans 1. (b) Afghanistan

2. Which of the following is our southern neighbour at sea?

Ans 2. (c) Sri Lanka

3. Urdu script is known as—

Ans 3. (b) Nastaliq

4. Which cuisine influences the Nepalese cuisine?

Ans 4. (b) Tibetian-Chinese

5. Hanfii is a traditional dress of men in—

Ans 5. (a) China

Ans. 1. (b); 2. (c); 3. (b); 4. (b); 5. (a)

B. Fill in the blanks:

—Help Box—Saiwar, peace, dosa, Pakistan, India

1. India shares boundaries with Pakistan in the north-west.

2. India believes in the policy of peace.

3. Lungi-blouse is worn in south India and Sri Lanka.

4. Dosa is an important part of Sri Lankan cuisine.

5. Salwar-kameez is the traditional dress of Pakistani men.

Ans. 1. Pakistan 2. peace 3. India 4. Dosa 5. Salwar

C. Match the following:

Column IColumn II (Answer)
1. Hindi(e) Devanagari
2. Urdu(c) Nastaliq
3. Longyi(b) Myanmar
4. Mekhla-chaddar(a) North-east India
5. Hanfu(d) China

Ans. 1.—(e); 2.—(c); 3.—(b); 4.—(a); 5.—(d)

D. Answer briefly:

1. Name India’s southern neighbour in the sea.

Ans 1. Sri Lanka

2. Which language is known as the mother of all languages?

Ans 2. Sanskrit is known as the mother of all languages.

3. How do you know that India believed in the policy of peace since olden times?

Ans 3. India has never attacked any country for gaining territory.

4. Mention two cities of India where Urdu is widely spoken.

Ans 4. Delhi and Lucknow.

5. Draw out one similarity and one difference between Hindi and Urdu.

Ans 5. Similarity: Hindi and Urdu evolved from Sanskrit.

Difference: Hindi is written from left to right in the Devanagri script while Urdu in written right to left in Persian —Arabic script called Nastaliq.

E. Answer the following questions:

1. List India’s immediate neighbours and the direction of their location in respect to India.

Ans 1. India’s immediate neighbours are Pakistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, China and Myanmar. India shares boundaries with Pakistan in the north-west; China, Nepal and Bhutan in the north; and Myanmar and Bangladesh in the east. The island of Sri Lanka is our southern neighbour in the sea.

2. Highlight the similarities of dresses between India and her neighbours.

Ans 2. There is great similarity in dresses of both men and women that are worn in India and its neighbouring countries—

(i) Saree and Salwar-kameez are the traditional dresses in both India and Pakistan. Saree is also worn in Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.

(ii) The Mekhla-chaddar of north-east India is similar to the dress of Nepal, Myanmar and China. In Myanmar, Longyi (sarong) and Eingyi (bouse) are worn. Similar dress ofLungi-blouse is worn in South India and Sri Lanka also.

(iii) The traditional dress worn in Ladakh and Bhutan is quite similar to the Hanfu of China.

(iv) The men in both India and Nepal, favour kurta-pyjama or shirt/coat with pyjama. Muslims in many parts of India wear sainvar-kameez i.e. pathani-suit, which is the traditional dress of Pakistani men.

3. What do the cultural bond with our neighbours indicate?

Ans 3. We notice great similarity in food, language and dresses between India and its neighbouring countries. These similarities highlight our cultural bonds. India and its neighbours act as an unifying bond even in the face of differences. This shows that India and its neighbouring countries are a single unit.

4. Give two suggestions that can improve our relations with our neighbouring countries.

Ans 4. (i) We should solve mutual differences through peaceful means. (ii) If any of our neighbouring country is in difficult situation which may arise due to natural calamity or any other reason, we should stand by its side and be ready to extend our help.

5. In your opinion, which are the two main issues of conflict between any two countries who share their borders?

Ans 5. In my opinion, the two main issues of conflict between any two countries who share their borders are—(i) Border problems (ii) Undue interference.

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