DAV Class 6 SST Chapter 11 Question Answer The Iron Age Civilisation

A. Tick the correct option.

1. The oldest Veda is-

Answer: Rigveda

2. What was the main occupation of Aryans?

Answer: agriculture

3. The chief god during the Early Vedic Civilisation was-

Answer: Indra

4. The supreme god worshipped during the Greek Civilisation was-

Answer: Zeus

5. Who calculated the circumference of the earth?

Answer: the Greeks

B. Fill in the blanks.

1. The word Veda means ___________.

2. As a part of the barter system ___________ was used as a standard of value.

3. The Early Vedic Period is also known as ___________ Period.

4. In the Later Vedic Period, varna system became ___________.

5. During Sanyas Ashram, a man lived a life of complete ___________.

Answer: (1) knowledge (2) cow (3) Rig Vedic (4) hereditary (5) detachment

C. Match the following:

DAV Class 6 SST Chapter 11 Question Answer The Iron Age Civilisation History
Match the following

Answer: (1) d, (2) e, (3) a, (4) b, (5) c.

D. Answer the following questions in brief.

1. What were the main inventions of Greek Civilisation?

Answer: Calculating the circumference of the earth, drawing world map and Olympic games are the main inventions of the Greek civilization.

2. Name the gods that were worshipped by Romans.

Answer: Jupiter, Mars, Mercury and Juno.

3. Name the four Vedas.

Answer: Name of the four Vedas are:

  1. Rigveda
  2. Yajurveda
  3. Samaveda
  4. Atharvaveda

4. Give any two examples to prove that Vedic Civilisation was quite advanced.

Answer: Two examples to prove that Vedic civilization was quite advance are:

  • They played musical instruments like flute, harp and drum.
  • Their clothes were made of cotton, silk wool and skin of animals.

5. Mention the main occupations of the people of Iranian Civilisation.

Answer: Main occupations of the people of Iranian Civilisation were trading, ship building, weaving, pottery and metal work.

E. Answer the following questions.

1. What was the political condition of the country under Aryans?

Answer: Political condition of the country under Aryans was strong and well planned. The rule was a differentiated into a small and large kingdom. King let the kingdoms and the king of small area was known as Raja. The king consulted the Sabha and Samiti on important matters. The ruler of the United Kingdom was known as Maharaja or Samrat or Emperor.

2. What was the condition of women in the Early Vedic Period?

Answer: Women held a respectable position in the Early Vedic Period. They were educated. The participation of wife was essential in all the religious ceremonies. Social evils like sati-pratha and child marriage were not in practice.

3. Explain the Varna System. What change did it undergo during Later Vedic Period?

Answer: Four main varnas were:

  1. Brahmins = looked after the religious matters.
  2. Kshatriyas = they protected the people from attack.
  3. Vaishyas = they were cultivators and craft man.
  4. Shudras = they were the labourer.

The changes that undergo during later Vedic period are: Varna system was hereditary and rigid. No one could change the occupation on the Varna.

4. List the achievements of the Aryans in the field of science and mathematics.

Answer: The achievements of the Aryans in the field of science and mathematics are:

  • They knew the use of iron.
  • They use iron for making stronger tools and weapons.
  • The Axe help in clearing jungles and spreading agriculture.
  • Mathematics was known as Ganita.
  • It included arithmetic, geometry and algebra.
  • The Vedic people had the knowledge of zero.
  • They also knew the decimal system, cube root, square root, under root etc.

5. List the occupations of the Aryans.

Answer: List of the occupations of the Aryans are:

  • Agriculture
  • Domestication of animals
  • Pottery
  • Weaving
  • Carpentry
  • Jewellery
  • Trading

Leave a Reply