DAV CLASS 8 Social Science Solutions: Students who are looking for DAV Social Science Books Solutions then you are in right place, we have discussed the solution of Social Science class 8 book chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries followed in all DAV Schools. Solutions are given below with proper Explanation please bookmark our website for further updates!!
DAV CLASS 8 Manufacturing Industries Social Science Question and Answers
Something to do.
A. Tick (✓) the correct option:
1. The largest industry of India in terms of employment is—
Ans. (d) information technology
2. Which one of the following industries helps in the manufacturing of electronic goods
Ans. (b) aluminium
3. Jamshedpur is known for which type of activities?
Ans. (d) industrial
4. Which industry is known as the backbone of modern civilization?
Ans. (d) iron and steel industry
5. The first modern Iron and Steel company to be established in India was—
Ans. (a) TISCO
B. Fill in the blanks.
1. The conversion of raw material into more useful products with the help of machines is defined as Manufacturing.
2. On the basis of the size manufacturing industry is classified into cottage industry, small scale industry, and large scale industry.
3. Industry whose finished products are used as raw material is called a basic industry.
4. Clustering of industries in a particular area is defined as industrial region.
5. Semi-conductor chips in a computer process, store, disseminate and information.
C. Write True or False for the following statements.
|1. Manufacturing industries add value to the commodity.
|2. Bhilai Steel Plant is located in Madhya Pradesh in India.
|3. Chotanagpur Plateau region has a large concentration of iron and steel industries.
|4. An industrial labourer earns more than agricultural labour does.
|5. The raw materials for the iron and steel industry are iron ore, coking coal and limestone
D. Answer the following questions in brief.
1. How can we measure the economic development of a country? Explain.
Ans 1. The economic development of a country can be measured by its per capita income, literacy rate, health status, infant mortality rate and life expectancy of persons living in that country.
2. What are the basis on which the industries can be classified? Give at least two examples for each.
Ans 2. The industries can be classified on the basis of their size, nature of finished products, sources of raw material and their ownership. For example
Size -Small Scale, Large Scale
Nature of finished products-basic, consumer
Source of Raw Material-• Agro-based, Forest Based, Animal-Based, Mineral Based
Ownership-Public sector, private Sector, Joint Sector, Cooperative Sector
3. State any three non-gerogrpahical factros that affect the location of an industry.
Ans 3. Three non-geographical factors include capital, management and labour.
4. Name any five industrial regions of India.
Ans 4. (i) Mumbai-Pune region
(ii) Hugli region
(iii) Bengaluru-Tamil Nadu region
(iv) Chotanagpur region
(v) Vishakapatnam-Guntur region.
5. Differentiate between private sector and public sector.
|When the ownership and management of an industry is in the hands of the government of its department, it is called public sector industry.
|This type of industry is owned and managed by an individual, family or a corporate body.
E. Answer the following questions.
1. Why is cotton textile industry largely concentrated in Gujarat and Maharashtra? Explain any five reasons
Ans 1. Cotton textile industries are largely concentrated in Gujarat and Maharashtra because of the following reasons:
(i) Availability of raw cotton
(ii) Humid climate
(iii) Proximity to market
(iv) Developed means of transport including accessible port facilities
(v) Availability of cheap labour
2. State the factors which have helped in the development of IT industry in Bengaluru.
Ans 2. The various factors which have helped in the development of IT industry in Bengaluru are given below:
(i) Availability of resource, cost and infrastructure.
(ii) The city of Bengaluru is known for its mild climate throughout the year.
(iii) The city was considered dust-free with low rents and low cost of living.
(iv) The city has the largest and widest availability of skilled managers with work experience.
3. Explain with suitable examples how a basic industry is different from a consumer industry from a consumer industry. In your opinion, which one of the two should be given priority and why?
Ans 3. A basic industry is the one whose finished products are used as raw material for other industries. For example, iron and steel industry produces steel which is used in the manufacturing of machine tools. Thus, iron and steel industry becomes a basic industry. Consumer goods industry is one which produces goods for direct use by consumers. For example, edible oil, tea, soap, bread, radio, etc.
The basic industry should be given priority because it provides industrial base for the manufacture of many other industrial products.
4. What is the importance of manufacturing industries for a nation like India? Explain.
Ans 4. Industry converts raw material to a much useful finished product, and in this process, it performs multiple tasks. In short, the manufacturing process transforms natural resources into useful and saleable proucts. It also generates scope for employment and creases national earnings through local and foreign trade. An industrial labourer earns more wages than an agricultural labourer, thus, industries play an important role in making a country economically prosperous.
5. Why is the iron and steel industry considered basic to the industrial development of any country? Name any four major iron and steel plants of India and their location.
Ans 5. The iron and steel industry provides industrial base for the manufacture of many other industrial products, and thus, is known as the basic industry. Iron ore occurs in abundance in many parts of the world. It is estimated than 65% machines and utensils are made a steel. The iorn and steel industry is widely distributed in the world. In the USA, Alabama state, the Atlantic coast and the Great Lakes region are the main producers. In Europe, it is well distributed in France, Germany, Italy (Western Europe), UK and the Ural mountain region in Russia. China, India and Japan are other major producers of iron and steel in Asia.