Three positive numbers a, b, and c make up a Pythagorean triple if their sum, a2 + b2, equals their sum, c2. A standard way to write such a triple is (a, b, c). One of the most common well-known example of Pythagorean triples is (3, 4, 5).
Complete List of Pythagorean Triples
Pythagorean triples are formed by positive integers a, b and c, such that a2 + b2 = c2. We may write the triple as (a, b, c).
For example, the numbers 3, 4 and 5 form a Pythagorean Triple because 32 + 42 = 52. There are infinitely many Pythagorean triples.
Some most commonly used triplets are:
Pythagoras Theorem Examples and Questions
Example 1: ∆ ABC is right-angled at C. If AC = 5 cm and BC = 12 cm find the length of AB.
Refer to the figure given on the right.
As the triangle is right-angled, by Pythagoras theorem,
AB² = AC² + BC²
AB² = 5² + 12²
AB² = 25 + 144
AB² = 169 = 13²
Hence, AB = 13 cm
Example 2 : The side of a square is given to be 4 cm. Find the length of the diagonal of a square.
Solution: We need to find the length of the diagonal AC. As we know, all sides of a square are equal and each angle is 90 degrees, ADC is a right-angled triangle.
By Pythagoras theoram,
AD² + CD² = AC²
AC² = 4² + 4² = 16 + 16
AC² = 32, So, AC= 4√2
The diagonal of the square is 4√2 cm.