DAV Class–5 SST Question and Answer Chapter 11 Transport in Modern Times

DAV class 5 SST chapter 9 Solutions: Are you looking for DAV Books Solutions then you are in right place, we have discussed the complete solution of SST Chapter 11 Transport in Modern Times. DAV class 5 SST chapter 11 question answer is given below.

DAV Class-5 SST Chapter 11 Transport in Modern Times Question and Answer

Something To Know

A. Tick the correct option.

1. Development in science and technology has replaced—

Ans 1. (a) Steam engine

2. What is an indicator of the level of development of a county?

Ans 2. (c) Transport

3. It is the fastest and most comfortable means of transport—

Ans. (a) Airways

4. The length of India’s coastline is—

Ans 4. (a) 7617 km

5. Which is the busiest air route in India?

Ans 5. (c) Mumbai—Delhi

Ans. 1. (a); 2. (c); 3. (a); 4. (a); 5. (c)

B. Fill in the blanks:

—Help Box—price, states, border, diesel, overseas, fuel

1. Efforts are being made to reduce the consumption of petrol and diesel.

2. National highways link all states of India.

3. Overseas water transport is mainly for trade and tourism.

4. Increase in transportation cost is added to the price of an item.

5. Border roads are constructed along the borders for the movement of army.

6. Vehicles cannot run without fuel.

Ans. 1. diesel 2. states 3. Overseas 4. price 5. Border 6. fuel.

C. State Whether True or False:

QuestionsAnswer (True/False)
1. Roads have encouraged national unity.True
2. The first train covered a distance of 134 kilometres.False
3. Earlier pipelines were used for gas transportation.False
4. Use public transport system to reduce traffic on roads.True
5. Crude oil is supplied by trucks to the oil refineries.False

Ans. 1. True 2. False 3. False 4. True 5. False

D. Answer briefly:

1. Mention two problems created by increase in road traffic.

Ans 1. An increase in road traffic creates these problems— (i) traffic jams (ii) road accidents.

2. What are the advantages of airways?

Ans 2. (i) It is the fastest and most comfortable mode of transport.

(ii) It can cover difficult landforms like mountains, deserts, water bodies without any problem.

3. Which is the best mode of transport? Why?

Ans 3. The best means of transport are walking and cycling because they do not depend upon fuel and keep us fit.

4. Name any two renewable sources of energy.

Ans 4. (i) solar power (ii) wind energy.

5. List two changes that have improved railways in recent times.

Ans 5. (i) Metros have emerged as the most comfortable and clean mode of transport in cities. (ii) With the advent of internet, it is very easy nowadays to book a ticket online for your Railway Journey.

E. Answer the following questions:

1. List three ways in which a well-developed transport system affects the lives of people.

Ans 1. (i) A well-developed transport system helps in the movement of raw materials to the factories and finished goods to the markets.

(ii) It helps in the distribution of goods and services to the local, national and international markets.

(iii) It helps us to meet people from different parts of the world. We learn about their thoughts, ideas, languages, customs, traditions, etc.

2. In which four ways are railways better than roadways?

Ans 2. (i) Railways are an important mode of transportation for freight and passengers in India. They can carry people in bulk.

(ii) Railways make it possible to conduct various activities such as business, sightseeing, etc. in less time.

(iii) We have the Rajdhani and Shatabdi trains, speeding at 145 km/hour. Thus, we can save our precious time by travelling in these trains.

(iv) Journey by trains is more comfortable because they are equipped with modem amenities. It is more economical than other means of transport.

3. Name the items transported by pipeline transportation. Mention two advantages of pipeline transportation.

Ans 3. The items transported by pipeline transportation are — water, crude oil, petroleum products and natural gas.

Two advantages of pipeline transportation are:

(i) Pipeline can be laid on any type of surface without the fear of damage from storms, rain, snow, etc.

(ii) Pipelines cut the transportation cost of goods and reduce the possibilities of delay or loss which might occur in roadways and railways.

4. Briefly describe the different types of roads of India.

Ans 4. Different types of roads of India are—

(i) National Highways: They act as the main road network in the country by linking all states of India.

(ii) State Highways: They connect state capital with different districts within the state.

(iii) District Roads: They are branch roads that connect district headquarters with other places of the district.

(iv) Village Roads: They link the villages with towns.

(v) Border Roads: They are constructed and maintained along the borders of India. They are important for the defence of our country and the movement of army.

5. How can renewable sources of energy help in reducing pressure on petrol and diesel?

Ans 5. Renewable sources of energy like solar energy, wind energy, natural gas, etc. should be used more and more because they can be renewed or reproduced. Here, it is worth mentioning that India has enormous possibilities of tapping solar energy because it is a tropical country. Also, our country is bestowed with largest wind farm cluster to make effective use of wind energy. Therefore, these sources of energy should be utilised more and more so that pressure on petrol and diesel can be reduced.

Leave a Reply